Volume 5, Issue 3, 2020.

Monitoring of Pasture in Grazing


Continuous abandonment of the village has lead to the problem of higher demand for the people working in agriculture. In animal breeding and feeding, this problem is drastic. Because of that farmers are turning to automation. In this paper, different methods for automatic monitoring of pasture in continuous and rotational grazing will be analysed.

Wearable Technology and Applications: A Systematic Review

Mengjie ZHANG, Rehan SAEED, Safwan SAEED, Stevan STANKOVSKI, Xiaoshuan ZHANG

This paper presents the integration of Web page protection against malicious automated software attacks on HTML forms. Malicious software imitates human work in HTML form and thus causes problems in the functioning of the Web page. That is why it is extremely important to prevent automated software from accessing HTML forms. The practical part of the paper integrates the free Google technology – reCAPTCHA, which determines whether the form was accessed by a human or automated software. The Web API developed by Google is used to integrate reCAPTCHA into the Web page. The analysis of reCAPTCHA test results is performed on the server side of the Web application using a PHP script. Easy integration and reliable test recommend reCAPTCHA technology for use in highly reliable Web sites to protect against automated software attacks.

Context-dependent factors of Lean Production implementations: “Two sides of the same coin”

Paulo AMARO, Anabela C. ALVES, Rui SOUSA

Lean implementation has been the subject of many research papers. Nevertheless, the process to successfully achieve this implementation is not straightforward due to factors that can act as enablers and/or inhibitors depending on the context. This paper aims to discuss the existence of some kind of triggers that can transform an inhibitor into an enabler, and vice-versa, within the same context. A literature review of enablers and inhibitors affecting lean implementations was carried out. The main findings of this work reveal that there is no guaranteed success when implementing the Lean Thinking paradigm, even in companies with previous successful implementations that follow a given roadmap. This is due to the influence and relationship between factors (enablers and inhibitors) that are unique within each context. The lean implementation does not obey to a recipe. The original contribution of this paper is beyond the simple identification of enablers and inhibitors that affect lean implementations, it identifies the relationship between these factors, as well as the aforementioned triggers able to transform an inhibitor into an enabler, and vice-versa.